Given the need to speed up the EU clean energy transition, the Directive (2009/28/EC) was revised and entered into force in 2018. It has been legally binding since June 2021.
It sets the overarching European renewable energy target of 32% and includes rules to ensure the uptake of renewables in the transport sector and in heating and cooling, as well as common principles and rules for renewables support schemes, the rights to produce and consume renewable energy and to establish renewable energy communities, and sustainability criteria for biomass. It also establishes rules to remove barriers, stimulate investments and drive cost reductions in renewable energy technologies, and empowers citizens, consumers, and businesses to participate in the clean energy transformation.
In line with the European Green Deal, renewable energy is a pillar of the clean energy transition. It comes at a very low cost and is home-grown, which reduces our dependency on external suppliers. Therefore, our level of ambition as regards the share of renewables in the EU electricity mix and the measures to achieve it are regularly revised